We have conducted several conferences, workshops, field visits, and have hosted a number of fine experts for lectures and short courses.

  • Timeline


    Short course on Elemental Analysis with ICP-MS and Isotopic Analyses with
    MC-ICP-MS and TIMS

    (July 2-5)

    Workshop on Rock Art Drawing and Interpretation
    (April 12)

    Conference on History, Science and Technology of Ancient Indian Glass
    (January 21-25)


    Training workshop on Elemental Analysis with ICP-MS and Isotopic Analyses with MC-ICP-MS and TIMS
    (July 30-31)


    Conference (hosted): Dialogue of Civilizations, jointly organized by National Geographic Society and ASI


    Symposium on the Nagas
    (September 15)


    Workshop on History, Science & Technology of Stone Beads
    (August 10-14)

    Graduate student workshop on History and Archaeology of Ancient India
    (January 30- February 1)

    Maritime Gujarat and the Western Indian Ocean
    (January 15)


    Workshop on Archaeometallurgy and Archaeology
    (December 8-9)

    Training workshop on Applications of Remote Sensing to Archaeology
    (15 March)


    Workshop on Indian Archaeology, Epigraphy and Ancient History
    (August 23-34)

  • Workshops and Conferences
      2019, April 12. In this 2.5 hours workshop titled Language beyond Words, artist and archaeologist Dr Anagha Bhat interacted with 20 participants from the institute through a range of visual, verbal and performative methods of sensory engagement and knowledge generation with an aim to demonstrate the importance of rock art as an interpretative tool in archaeological research.
    • Download the poster poster       Thumb Thumb

    • 2019, January 21–25. Conference-cum-Workshop on History, Science and Technology of Ancient Indian Glass
      With India witnessing the collapse of its traditional glass industry, over 20 world experts gathered to discuss nearly every aspect of the study of glass, from the origin of glass and faience to the manufacturing techniques developed at different times in South Asia, and the distribution of traded artifacts both within and far outside the region. The presentations also highlighted case studies of analytical techniques to probe the chemistry of ancient glasses. Craftspersons at this conference included glass-bead makers from Varanasi, stone-bead makers from Khambat and beading and mirror-stitching craftspersons from north Gujarat; speakers and over 50 participants were taken to two field trips, one of them to a workshop manufacturing hot-lead traditional mirrors.
    • Download the book of abstracts       Thumb Thumb

    • 2016, September 15. In this Symposium on the Nagas, three experts discussed archaeological excavations undertaken in Nagaland and resulting cultural and historical linkages; ancient contacts of the Nagas through their burial practices and customs; and the ethnolinguistic diversity of Nagaland with the relationship between tribe, language and dialect.
    •     Download the programme

    • 2016, September 13. Symposium on Regional Mahabharatas
      Three distinguished scholars presented fresh perspectives on regional Mahabharatas in Kannada, Telugu and Odia languages.
    •     Download the programme

    • 2015, August 10–14. Short Term Course-cum-Workshop on History, Science & Technology of Stone Beads
      Archaeologists and other experts from several countries discussed the development of stone beads through the ages, including literary and epigraphical references, methods of typology, traditional manufacturing techniques, and scientific investigations into stone-bead making technology. Traditional bead-making craftsmen from Khambhat were invited to demonstrate their skills during the workshop and provided training to some of the over 80 participants from India and neighbouring countries. An outcome of the workshop was the publication of a high-standard book in 2017, Stone Beads of South & South-East Asia: Archaeology, Ethnography and Global Connections, edited by Alok Kumar Kanungo.
    •      Download the programme | the full report | a journal report       Thumb Thumb Thumb

    • 2015, January 30–February 1. Graduate Student Workshop on History and Archaeology of Ancient India
      With the objective of giving a platform to young scholars, the workshop consisted of pre-screened paper presentations by over 20 postgraduate archaeology and history students from all over India. Two distinguished historians, Prof. Upinder Singh and Prof. Nayanjot Lahiri, delivered the inaugural and valedictory lectures respectively.
    •     Download the programme       Thumb Thumb

    • 2015, January 15. Workshop on Maritime Gujarat and the Western Indian Ocean: Cultural Routes Through Time
      In this workshop organized by IIT Gandhinagar and Project Mausam (Ministry of Culture, Government of India), eminent historians, anthropologists and archaeologists explored cultural routes of the Western Indian Ocean, with a focus on India and Africa.
    •     Download the programme

    • 2014, December 8–9. Workshop on Archaeometallurgy and Archaeology jointly conducted by IIT Gandhinagar and Archaeological Survey of India. Eight archaeologists and metallurgists highlighted fundamentals of, as well as recent research in, archaeometallurgy, its principles and techniques, using case studies from the Indian subcontinent. Over 30 professional archaeologists and students attended the presentations and discussions.
    •     Download the programme | a poster       Thumb Thumb

    • 2012, August 23–24: Workshop on Indian Archaeology, Epigraphy and Ancient History.
      Eighteen leading archaeologists, epigraphists, ancient historians and scientists from across India gave presentations on their field of expertise, including recent findings, fresh discoveries and new areas of research, ranging from the Palaeolithic age to the Indus and Ganges civilizations and beyond. The workshop was attended by about 50 scholars, faculty members and students, and (some of whom are studying to become history teachers). It was followed by a brainstorming session chaired by Prof. Sudhir K. Jain, Director of IIT Gandhinagar, which concluded on the need to create at IIT Gandhinagar a centre for archaeological sciences, taking advantage of the Institute’s technological base.
    •     Download the programme | a poster
  • Training Workshops

    The Archaeological Sciences Centre organizes training workshops for professional archaeologists and students of archaeology.


    2018, July 30–31 and 2019, July 2–5

    Two training workshops on Elemental Analysis with ICP-MS and Isotopic Analyses with MC-ICP-MS and TIMS, conducted by Dr. Laure Dussubieux and Dr. Thomas R. Fenn.


    2014, March 15

    Training workshop on Applications of Remote Sensing to Archaeological Investigations, conducted by Dr. M.B. Rajani. Over 20 students and professionals of archaeology attended the theoretical and hands-on sessions.

  • Field Visits

    Visit to copper ore mines at Ambaji, Gujarat

    In a preliminary study based on lead isotope ratios, Dr. Randall Law concluded that the copper used in artefacts from the Harappan sites of Dholavira and Shikarpur (both in Kutch, Gujarat) originated from Ambaji in Gujarat’s Banaskantha District, in the foothills of the Aravalli Hills. In preparation for an experimental smelting exercise using traditional techniques, on 2nd January 2016, Prof. J.M. Kenoyer [link to Visiting Faculty page], Dr. V.N. Prabhakar and Dr. Alok Kanungo of Archaeological Sciences Centre visited copper ore sites at Ambaji. Further, they also visited the historical sites around Ambaji and found evidence of dumping of slags in antiquity. Two localities with such slag activities were identified, of which one is located close to a local shrine. The Ambaji copper ores are chiefly sulphates and can be easily identified from the green stains on the rocks. Prof. Kenoyer collected such samples, which were taken back to IIT Gandhinagar for smelting (see under Experimental Archaeology in the Research page).

  • Lectures
    • 2018, January 22–24. Dr. Yann-Pierre Montelle: Lecture series: “Human Evolution: of mosaic, hybrids, and braids | Homo faber: ubiquitous needs and cognition | Homo aestheticus: But is it Art?”
    •     poster & abstracts
    • 2017, September 15. Prof. Gwen Robbins Schug: “Climate Change, Health, and the Biocultural Experience of Resilience in the Indus Age of South Asia”
    •     poster & abstract
    • 2017, August 8–13. Prof. Lynn Meskell & Prof. Himanshu Prabha Ray: Lecture series: “Mobilizing the Materiality of Heritage: India and the World”
    •     poster | schedule & abstracts
    • 2017, February 2–3. Prof. Gary Warrick: Lecture series: “Indigenous Archaeology in Canada” and “Ancient Structures in the New World”
    •     poster
    •     “First Peoples of the Americas”
    •     poster
    •     "The Classic Maya Collapse - A Civilization in Ruins”
    •     poster       Thumb

    • 2016, September 6. Prof. B.B. Lal: “How Deep are the Roots of Indian Culture? An Archaeologist Inquires”
    •     poster       Thumb Thumb Thumb

    • 2016, April 18. Dr. Dennys Frenez: “Beyond Meluhha: Evidence for Harappans out of the Greater Indus Valley”
    •     abstract
    • 2016, January 12. Prof. Jonathan Mark Kenoyer: First Indira Foundation Distinguished Lecture: “Scientific and Technological Contributions of the Indus Civilization: Their Relevance for the Present”
    •     poster
    • 2016, January 4–7 & 13. Prof. Jonathan Mark Kenoyer: Lecture series: Five Special Lectures on Archaeology
    •     poster
    • 2015, July 13. Prof. Nalini Rao: “Lothal and Sindhu-Sarasvati Civilization”
    •     poster
    • 2015, March 12. Prof. Jan Kock: “East of Suez: Glass Beads, Bangles, Mirrors and More from India”
    •     poster
    • 2015, February 1. Prof. Nayanjot Lahiri: “Archaeology and the Study of the Indian Past: Challenges and Possibilities”
    • 2015, January 30. Prof. Upinder Singh: “Dissatisfaction and the Writing of History”
    • 2015, January 8. Prof. Jonathan Mark Kenoyer: “Stone Beads of the Indus Civilization: Technology and Trade”
    •     poster       Thumb

    • 2014, November 10. Dr. Benjamin T. Valentine: “Telling New Stories with Old Bones: Understanding Harappan Migration through Archaeological Bone Chemistry”
    •     abstract
    • 2014, March 11. Prof. Nayanjot Lahiri: “Emperor Ashoka Between Archaeology and Texts”
    •     poster
    • 2013, October 18. Dr. R.S. Bisht: “Dholavira: A Unique Harappan City”
    •     poster
    • 2013, October 17. Dr. V.N. Prabhakar: “An Overview of the Harappan Civilization and the Application of Stable Isotope Analysis in Archaeology”
    •     poster
    • 2013, August 6. Prof. Vibha Tripathi: “Tracing the Growth of Iron Technology in Ancient India”
    •     abstract
  • Visitors
    • 2019, February 1. Smt. Usha Sharma, Director General, Archaeological Survey of India.
    •      Thumb

    • 2019, January 15. Shri Navin Doshi, philanthropist and benefactor of IIT Gandhinagar.

    • 2017, October 7. Shri Prakash Javadekar, Minister for Human Resource Development, Government of India.
    •      Thumb

    • 2017, October 7. Shri 2016, September 6. Prof. B.B. Lal, doyen of Indian Archaeology.
    •      Thumb
  • Webinar Series Thumb

    Recent Advances in South Asia's History and Archaeology

    Recent advances in the fields of archaeology and history, together with contributions from the sciences, have contributed enormously to the interpretation of archaeological remains and have helped refine our understanding of the Indian subcontinent’s past. In particular, archaeological research has thrown invaluable light on the earliest human presence here, now traced back to 1.5 million years; similarly, pastoralists of Ladakh are dated to the 9th millennium BCE. Human mobility and interactions in prehistory laid a firm foundation for later interactions, trade and economic activity, and the rise of civilization.

    The contributions of archaeology for those periods devoid of written evidences is enormous: for instance, we can now understand the entire gamut of Harappan civilization, its lifestyles, trade, economy, technology, among other aspects. Even for later periods endowed with written records, archaeological studies compliment and support them with a variety of material evidence, often supplemented by scientific investigations that considerably enhance our understanding and interpretation of excavated materials. IIT Gandhinagar’s Archaeological Sciences Centre was established to promote the application of sciences to the analysis, research and interpretation of archaeological remains; in a few years, it has contributed applications of sciences in areas of ceramic petrology, ancient technology, palaeobotany, archaeometallurgy, ancient hydrology, surveying and 3D techniques, to name a few.

    The Archaeological Sciences Centre proposes to conduct a monthly webinar series from October 2020 for the benefit of students, researchers, scholars and the wider public, by bringing together a host of expert archaeologists and historians to share their recent research and findings. The webinars will be hosted in Google Meet / Zoom platform. Each lecture (of 60 minutes followed by 15 minutes of discussion) will be hosted once a month, either on a Saturday or Sunday. Lectures will be recorded and later hosted on a separate YouTube channel.